Barcelona. Photowalks

Нistoric and cultural monuments, architecture, museums

Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

In the North-Eastern part of the Park of the Citadel located its main decoration - a fountain called the Great or Monumental cascade. (Gran Cascada, Cascada Monumental on map). Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Making this fountain began in 1878, ten years before its opening. The construction of this remarkable monument of architecture and sculpture was conducted in preparation for the Barcelona Universal Exhibition of 1888. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Like the Park itself, the Cascade is the creation of architect Josep Fontsere. A source of inspiration for the author was the Trevi fountain in Rome. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The Grand Cascade was inaugurated on 12 July 1881, although the work continued almost to the Exposition. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The Central sculptural group of the fountain - "The birth of Venus". Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

It is the creation of brothers Venanci and Agapito Vallmitjana, that developed the design, and Eduard B. Alentorn embodied sculpture in stone. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Venus emerges from a conch surrounded by Naiads. The sculpture and other statues made of white marble. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The pediment of the arch is decorated yet again by sculpture of Venus, surrounded by deities, called "Putti". This image is different from the usual angel, he does not have a bow and arrows. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Above these statues worked Francesc Pages i Serratosa. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The chariot of Aurora - a Quadriga drawn by four horses. In his right hand a torch, a symbol of the light that illuminates the world every morning. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Sculptor Rossend Nobas worked above the chariot since 1883. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The final version of the sculpture weighed about 30 tonnes, it required to strengthen the structure of the arch. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The goddess of the sunrise was installed above the fountain in 1888. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The idea of a two-level pool borrowed from the fountain of the Palace Longchamp in Marseille, the work by Henri Esperando - Fontsere did not conceal it. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Griffons, mythical animals, "hybrid" lion with eagle, the sculptor Raphael Atche. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

All four griffons, seemingly identical, but each has its own features. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

One of the beasts is an eagle with a lion's head, the other three lions have different wings: webbed, like a bat, the second covered with scales, the third has feather wings. These elements can be seen as early manifestations of "modern"style. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Pools embracing two wide stairway, resembling the pincers of a crab. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

From top platform offers a wonderful view of the fountains and the Park of the Ciutadella. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Here is the entrance to an artificial cave and aquarium, but thither public access is closed. With two sides from the door you can see the medallions with lizards, as claimed, the work of Antonio Gaudi. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Widespread legend is that young Gaudi, as a student of the school of architecture, helped Fontsere in the work on the Cascade, however, in the biography of the great master of architecture about this there is no mention. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

The fountain is included in the list of cultural heritage of Catalonia, restoration work was carried out in 1956, 1972, 1989 and 2009. Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)

Barcelona. The Gran сascade fountain (Cascada del Parc de la Ciutadella)